ISTRAŽIVANJA, Јournal of Historical Researches 2019-11-13T01:47:01+00:00 Часопис Истраживања Open Journal Systems <p>Јournal of Historical Researches</p> THE CURIOUS CASE OF HERESANKH, A PERFECT PLAYER OF THE SISTRUM OF MIN AND A PRIESTESS OF THE KING’S SISTER PHILOTERA 2019-11-13T01:47:01+00:00 NENAD MARKOVIĆ <p>The present paper aims to resolve problems around the identification of Heresankh, a perfect player of the sistrum of Min and a priestess of the king’s sister Philotera, and to propose her position within the powerful family of high priests of Memphis during the Ptolemaic rule. The study reveals that she most likely belonged to the secondary branch of the same family, both lines having the joint ancestor in the priest Anemhor, who was in fact the father of Nesisti-Pedubast, the earliest known high priest of Ptah under the Hellenistic Dynasty. She most likely lived between 249 BC and 183 BC. The marriage union of her related parents, Neferibre and Herankh, must have influenced her social standing at Memphis since Heresankh is the only known priestess of the most important sanctuaries within the Memphite necropolis, namely the Sarapieion, the Osirion of Rutiset and the Anoubieion, all located at Saqqara and Abusir.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## RELIGIOUS AGENCY, SACRALISATION AND TRADITION IN THE ANCIENT CITY 2019-11-13T01:47:00+00:00 JÖRG RÜPKE <p>Starting from a discussion against the notions of a unified ‘public religion’ my focus during the past decade has been on ‘religious individualization’ and the fluidity of religion captured by the concepts of ‘lived ancient religion’ and ‘religion in the making’. These concepts focus on the <em>inherent</em> dynamic qualities of those cultural products that I identify as religion in the course of historical analyses. And yet, the undeniable presence of traditions and even <em>canones</em> can be conceptualized beyond a world of individually fragmented religious practices and beliefs and incipient, ever-changing and also dissolving institutions that would be clustered together only in the form of narrative shorthand terms by historians. The paper offers a theoretical reflection on a concept of religion useful for the question of tradition and canonization, building on earlier proposals and developing those further by developing the notion of sacralisation. This will be framed by an historical assumption, namely that the processes of interest here are pushed in urban contexts. Here, my focus will be on the ancient Mediterranean.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## IDEAS OF STOIC PHILOSOPHY IN SERBIAN MEDIAEVAL LAW 2019-11-13T01:46:59+00:00 SRĐAN ŠARKIĆ <p>Although the textbooks of Stoic philosophers did not survive from the period of independence of the Serbian mediaeval State (from the 12th to the 15th century), some Stoic ideas emerged in Serbia through the texts of Roman lawyers, who in the period of the Principate wrote under the great influence of Stoic philosophy. However, Serbian lawyers did not read the original Latin works of Roman jurists, but rather their Greek translations and adaptations from Byzantine legal miscellanies. Some ideas of Stoic philosophy could be found in several chapters of the Serbian translation of the <em>Syntagma</em>, a nomokanonic miscellany put together in 24 titles (each title has a sign of one of the letters of Greek alphabet) by the monk Matheas Blastares from Thessaloniki. The fragments were taken from Roman <em>jurisprudentes</em> Gaius and Florentinus.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## MARIA FOLLIA, A COURT LADY OF THE HUNGARIAN QUEEN ELIZABETH ŁOKIETEK, ACCOMPANYING HER MISTRESS ON A JOURNEY TO ITALY 2019-11-13T01:46:59+00:00 ĐURA HARDI <p>The journey and stay of the Hungarian queen Elizabeth Łokietek, mother of King Lajos the Great and widow of King Charles Robert, to the Kingdoms of Naples and Rome from June 1343 until May 1344, is a well-researched topic in historiography. On that journey the queen was accompanied, as a Hungarian chronicler noted, by her court, numerous ladies-in-waiting, girls of noble origin, Hungarian barons, knights and servants. Yet, of all the women accompanying the queen, only the identity of one of her court ladies is known, that of aristocrat Maria Follia. Her presence in the (closest) surrounding of the queen is testified by two diplomatic sources, one of Hungarian and another of Naples provenance. Maria was the widow of a recently deceased Hungarian palatine William Drugeth (who died in September 1342). The author in this paper investigates the causes and complex circumstances under which Maria Follia participated in the Italian journey of her mistress. The issue is all the more interesting since it is known that, after the death of palatine William, the Drugeth family, until then the most powerful Hungarian baron family, lost their wealth, fortune and positions in the royal court. One of the possible answers to this question is a conclusion that the palatine’s widow, independent of her husband’s family, stayed in good relations with Queen Elizabeth and kept her positions in the royal court.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PREPARATIONS OF THE AUSTRIAN EXPEDITION TOWARDS INDIA 1775-1776 2019-11-13T01:46:58+00:00 BORO BRONZA <p>During the second half of the 18th century Austria’s trade policy sought to restore ties to India and other parts of Asia that had successfully existed during the period of the Ostend Company (1722-1731). In this respect, the increasingly successful activity of the British East India Company was an example for the Vienna government in indicating of which lucrative possibilities lay in the proper development of trade in the east. Austria soon decided to try to organize trade expeditions to India itself and the British experience was of primary importance to it. An indispensable link for the launch of such ventures was the opportunity for the representatives of the Austrian diplomatic network to meet directly with individuals from the group of traders who had already had extensive experience in trade with India. This was exactly the case in London in 1774, when the Austrian Ambassador Ludovico Luigi Carlo Maria di Barbiano di Belgiojoso met one of the most famous European entrepreneurs of the second half of the 18th century, William Bolts. It was the beginning of a new great Austrian adventure in Asia and at the same time an attempt to radically redefine the essential nature of the Habsburg position and philosophy. Immediately after the Austrian diplomatic network came into contact with Bolts, the sophisticated preparations of the expedition began, before the final take off in 1776.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## TRAVELS OF THE SAVINA MONASTERY MONKS IN THE 18th CENTURY AND THEIR OBJECTIVE AND ROLE IN THE LOCAL COMMUNITY OF THE BAY OF KOTOR 2019-11-13T01:46:58+00:00 MARINA MATIĆ <p>The text deals with the journeys of the Savina fraternity members in the 18th century, as well as their profound importance for the Savina Monastery and the local environment of Boka Kotorska. Establishing relations with distant Orthodox Christian lands and big spiritual centers, such as Russia or the Karlovci Metropolitanate, opened many possibilities. They collected donations for the Monastery maintenance and kept up with the Baroque religious and cultural models of the time. Thanks to the relations established during their journeys, the Savina monks transferred those models into the local community, shaping and strengthening the religious and ethnic identity of the Serbian Orthodox people in multicultural Boka Kotorska.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE SETTLEMENT OF SLOVAKS IN KYSÁČ 2019-11-13T01:46:57+00:00 JANKO RAMAČ DANIELA MARČOK <p>The first Slovak colonists arrived in some villages of the landed estate of Futog around the middle of the fourth decade of the 18th century. The first Slovak evangelists came to Kysáč&nbsp; in 1773. Our research focuses on the beginning and on the first decades of the arrival of Slovaks to this settlement. The aim of the research is to understand the beginnings and the basic social and economic circumstances at the time of the arrival of Slovaks in Kysáč from the 7th decade of the 18th century to the beginning of the 19th century using authentic data, primarily from František Jesenský’s Chronicle of the Evangelical Church in Kysáč (1773) and the data from the Archive of Vojvodina, which have been rarely used in previous research, as well as the registers from the archives of the Evangelical churches in Báčsky Petrovec and Kysáč and the existing written documents.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## POLITICS OF RUSSIA IN EUROPE 1870-1875 (END OF NEUTRALIZATION OF THE BLACK SEA. LEAGUE OF THE THREE EMPERORS) 2019-11-13T01:46:57+00:00 DUŠKO M. KOVAČEVIĆ <p>The Treaty of Paris signed on 30 March 1856 was humiliating for Russia. Especially grave were the articles of the Treaty that concerned the Black Sea. The provision on the neutralization of the Black Sea forbade Russia to have a fleet in its waters, as well as to build forts and infrastructure. In the Treaty of 15 April 1856 Great Britain, France and Austria pledged to supervise if Russia would honour the conditions of the Treaty of Paris, which created the “Crimea Coalition.” After the defeat in the Crimea War Russia did not “lose the status of a great country,” but it was forced to give up on its earlier role in Europe, which weakened its international position. After taking over the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Alexander Gorchakov defined the aim of the Russian external politics: “I am looking for a man who will annul the provisions of the Treaty of Paris which refer to the issue of the Black Sea… I am looking for him and I will find him.” Thus, after the Paris Congress Russian politics had a unique purpose – it intensely sought the revision of the Treaty of Paris excluding everything else. Since France was not prepared to support Russia, St. Petersburg turned to Prussia, which showed good will to change the provisions on the Black Sea. This mutual rapprochement conditioned the subsequent formation of the League of the Three Emperors between Russia, Germany and Austria.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE DEATHS OF THE OBRENOVIĆ FAMILY IN SERBIAN HISTORY AND REMEMBRANCE 2019-11-13T01:46:56+00:00 JELENA PAUNOVIĆ <p>The political scene of Serbia is scientifically well studied. Historical literature about Serbia in the 19th century is vast and interesting. This article aims to present the rulers of the Obrenović dynasty in the light of their tragic deaths mostly through memoir historical sources. The lives and deaths of the Serbian rulers affected both the interior and foreign policy of the country. The Obrenović dynasty died out except for their female branches and even those have not been researched enough. This paper will explain the chain of events that led to the end of the Obrenović family.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## FACULTY OF LAW IN SUBOTICA – “NORTHERN STAR” OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE KINGDOM OF YUGOSLAVIA 2019-11-13T01:46:56+00:00 BILЈANA ŠIMUNOVIĆ-BEŠLIN <p>The paper presents the results of the research on the conditions, aims and outcomes of the establishment of the Faculty of Law in Subotica immediately after the First World War, at the time when the southeastern part of former Hungary considered Serbian Vojvodina became the northeastern part of the newly established Yugoslav state. This is the first institution of higher education in this area. At the beginning of the 1920s two branches of the University of Belgrade were established away from the capital, one in the northeast, and the other in the southeast of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (SCS). The establishment of the Faculty of Law in Subotica and the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje was explained by the need to enable young people living far from Belgrade to gain higher education in the closer surroundings. In reality, the Faculty of Law in Subotica had the task of becoming a clearly recognizable and dignified border fortress. University teachers and students were expected to be sophisticated guardians of the north-eastern border of the Yugoslav kingdom. At approximately the same time, two reputable universities in Hungary, whose headquarters after the First World War remained outside Hungary, in Romania and Czechoslovakia, moved to towns near the new southeastern borders. The paper presents examples that in a special way testify of the problems and dilemmas that teachers and students of the Faculty of Law faced during the interwar period, as well as arguments to support the claim that the national mission of the Faculty of Law in Subotica significantly limited the academic autonomy of this institution of higher education.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## SLOVAKS IN YUGOSLAVIA AND IN ITS TERRITORIES UNDER FOREIGN OCCUPATION DURING WORLD WAR II 2019-11-13T01:46:55+00:00 ANTON HRUBOŇ PETER MIČKO <p>Slovak minority has been co-creating a multicultural character of contemporary Serbia since the first half of the 18th century. The Slovaks living in former Yugoslavia as an integral part of the Yugoslav society also had to experience the turbulent events at the turn of the 1930s and 1940s. After the Axis invasion and destruction of Yugoslavia in April 1941 the Slovak community, historically settled in Bačka, Banat and Srem, was divided into three countries/occupational zones. Slovaks living in Srem became the citizens of independent Croatia, Slovaks living in Bačka became the citizens of the Hungarian Kingdom and Slovaks from Banat lived in territories under direct German occupation. The paper portrays main features of this minority’s political and cultural life in wartime Yugoslavia and its territories under foreign occupation, core problems of existence within changing regimes and the attitude of the Slovak minority towards the Slovak State (Slovak Republic) established on 14 March 1939 with an emphasis on religiously motivated conflicts between the mostly Lutheran Slovak minority in Yugoslavia and the Catholic regime of Hlinka’s Slovak People’s Party (the ruling and only allowed political party in the Slovak State/Republic).</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## TWO RADIO DRAMAS OF LOVE, HATE AND REVENGE 2019-11-13T01:46:54+00:00 GORDAN MARIČIĆ IFIGENIJA RADULOVIĆ JELENA TODOROVIĆ <p>The topic of this paper is an ancient and everlasting story of love, hate, and vengeance. This archetypal narrative was recreated and staged in the 1960s in the form of two radio dramas by two Serbian (at the time Yugoslav) playwrights Jovan Hristić and Velimir Lukić. By means of those plays the two renowned scholars and playwrights achieved the revival of the previously mentioned ancient myth in the contemporary circumstances and rewrote the old story using modern features and language.</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pieter M. Judson, The Habsburg Monarchy, A New History, Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 2016, pp. 567. 2019-11-13T01:46:54+00:00 Goran Vasin Vasin <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nenad Ninković, Mitropolit Pavle Nenadović, Novi Sad – Sremska Mitrovica: Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad, Historical Archive Srem, 2017, pp. 536. 2019-11-13T01:46:53+00:00 Goran Vasin <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Boris Kršev, Securitas Res Publica – A Short History of Security, Novi Sad: Prometej, 2017, pp. 393. 2019-11-13T01:46:53+00:00 Slobodan Bjelica <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Niall Ferguson, Kissinger: 1923-1968. The Idealist, New York: Penguin Press, 2015, 987 pages. 2019-11-13T01:46:52+00:00 Aleksandar M. Gajić <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nachruf auf Helmut Rumpler (1935–2018) Kurzbiographie 2019-11-13T01:46:51+00:00 Ulfried Burtz <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-12-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##