THE FUNCTION OF HISTORICAL EXAMPLES IN LYCURGUS’ ORATORY
In this paper we will start from the basic hypothesis that Lycurgus’ selection of historical allusions in his oratory represents, above all, a reflection of his patriotic feelings and true moral beliefs. Lycurgus’ speeches are primarily in the service of the endangered polis and his high ethical principles. Thus, a large number of his accusations are based on his moral views of the current social and political situation rather than on any precise or legal argumentation. Therefore, our main intention is to examine to what extent Lycurgus’ digressions to the past history of Athens were a powerful weapon of persuasion in his oratory, especially in his speech Against Leocrates.
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