Sava Šumanović, The Second World War, Šid, Viktor Tomić, Croatian nationalism
The theme of the paper deals with the interesting research issue - a relation between the artist and the era in which he lived. In a particular case, the author was interested in the painter Sava Šumanović and his return from Paris to Šid in 1930. The painter’s poor health made him return to Sid. Difficult historical events which continuously occurred from 1931 to 1942 influenced the life and work of the painter who eventually became their victim, since he was caught by Ustaša-followers during the raid led by Viktor Tomić, and executed in Sremska Mitrovica in August in 1942. The painter’s relation to the era and historical events in which he lived and worked could be understood by studying the letters which he wrote to Rastko Petrović and Vera Milovanović. The painter fiercely attacked the creation of Banovina of Croatia and Croatian nationalism, mentioning the fascist countries and refugees, and feeling the danger lurking from the fascist countries.